Universal Subsea, Inc. (USI) said it has launched a revolutionary, environmentally friendly, subsea equipment preservation fluid for commercial use globally.
Defender Stasis LT preservation fluid is a lightweight, nontoxic, biodegradable preservation fluid that provides long-term protection for subsea equipment components and interface profiles. The fluid is compatible with all commonly used metals and nonmetallic materials in oilfield service.
“Defender Stasis LT preservation fluid is in a class by itself,” stated Sean Thomas, P.E., general manager, Universal Subsea, Inc. “This patented preservation fluid far exceeds U.S. EPA and OSPAR requirements for offshore drilling fluids discharged to sea. The fluid also meets or exceeds the much stricter regulations for Environmentally Acceptable Lubricants and Total Loss Lubricants per U.S. EPA, OSPAR, E.U. Ecolabel and other national Ecolabel programs. Defender Stasis LT is the first subsea wellhead preservation fluid that meets regulatory requirements for 24-hour per day use in offshore oil-producing countries worldwide.”
As background, the requirement for the product was identified during development of USI’s nonmetallic, low-pressure, subsea isolation cap product line. The company needed a lightweight preservation fluid for subsea wellheads and trees for long-term use, temporary abandonments and permanently abandoned wells. However, commercially available fluids exhibited shortcomings, including high toxicity, potential for elastomer attack, improper specific gravity, elevated flammability or undesirable sheen-forming properties.
“Subsea wellhead preservation fluids are discharged directly to the marine environment,” said Thomas. “We wanted a fluid that would be completely nontoxic to aquatic life while providing the lowest overall environmental impact. We recognized that the offshore market needed a better subsea wellhead preservation fluid, and we set out to develop a best-in-class product. Defender Stasis LT provides a long shelf life and service life, but biodegrades rapidly if released to the environment.”
Combined with their low-pressure isolation cap technology, USI has the first comprehensive solution to protect subsea wellheads and subsea tree mandrels from corrosion, calcareous deposits and marine growth. While corrosion and marine growth are well known problems in water depths up to 2,500 feet [762 m], the issues with calcareous deposits on wellhead and tree ring gasket profiles are not well understood in the industry.
Because of the widespread issues with calcareous deposits, ROV crews must scrub the ring gasket profile nearly every time an operator performs an intervention to a subsea well. These field cleaning activities are accepted as standard practice in the industry, yet they pose a significant likelihood of creating out-of-tolerance conditions for the very precisely machined ring gasket profile. After one lengthy cleaning operation or several cleaning operations of shorter duration, there is a substantial risk that the liquid-sealing performance or gas-sealing integrity of the well may be permanently damaged.
Corrosion of large equipment assemblies and running tools is another widespread problem in the offshore industry. Large equipment often retains residual water in the internal bores from pressure testing or condensed humidity, which can cause corrosion and reliability problems. Defender Stasis LT is ideal for subsea equipment preservation use to protect the internals of subsea trees, subsea manifolds, jumpers, flowlines and PLETs/PLEMs during shipping, storage or wet parking.
“We set out to develop a top-notch preservation fluid for environmental considerations, but Defender Stasis LT has far exceeded our expectations,” concluded Thomas. “The naturally high polarity of this bio-based fluid provides superior wetting and water displacement properties. The base oils in the fluid will actively out-displace water, other aqueous fluids and most petroleum-based fluids, supplemented with special corrosion inhibitor additives to fully protect metallic components from corrosion. The fluid is more benign to nonmetallic materials than alternative fluids, which can attack nonmetallic seals and coatings in some instances.”
Defender Stasis LT provides exceptional personnel safety. The fluid is rated as a fire-resistant hydraulic fluid because of very low volatility with a high flash point and high fire point. The fluid has negligible toxicity in the event of personnel exposure and is rated as a negligible hazard or minimally toxic for all personnel ratings.
Defender Stasis LT is recyclable and can be reprocessed to its original specifications. For shipping or storage applications where the preservation fluid is recovered after use, customers can choose to recycle the fluid rather than paying for disposal costs. This option not only avoids disposal costs but also provides significant cost savings for the recycled fluid compared to the cost of new preservation fluid.
Defender Stasis LT sets a new standard for performance as a best-in-class preservation fluid while minimizing environmental impact in the event of planned, unplanned or incidental discharges to land, inland waters, coastal waters or offshore waters.