Outlook for the offshore engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) market in 2021 looks promising, boosted by projects deferred from 2020, according to market research provider Westwood.
With a forecast of $29 billion firm or already awarded contracts and a further $16 billion of probable and possible awards, 2021 could, reportedly, match 2019’s $40 billion total.
In 2020, oil consumption fell to levels not seen since 2001, while in the offshore sector, investment in new field developments was the lowest in over 30 years.
Companies slashed on average 30 per cent from planned 2020 capex and postponed $54 billion of 2020 offshore EPC contract awards.
2020 EPC Awards
According to Westwood, $12.3 billion of offshore EPC contracts were awarded in 2020 in 32 sanctioned projects, down from $40.3billion in 80 projects in 2019.
Five E&Ps accounted for 75 per cent of the award value in 23 projects.
Upstream capex overall in 2021 is likely to be flat or decline from 2020 based on company guidance but increased spending by a few E&Ps, notably Petrobras, Shell and Woodside is driving a forecast increase in offshore EPC awards in 2021.
Shelved Projects Back On The Table
Westwood base case outlook for 2021 (which assumes Brent averaging at $50/bbl) currently forecasts firm and already awarded offshore EPC contracts of around $29 billion with a further $12 billion of probable awards and $4 billion of possible awards.
“This outlook may appear optimistic, particularly to an industry still reeling from the latest downturn-within-a-downturn, but a significant proportion of the 2021 market is made-up of those projects deferred in the second quarter of 2020 which in many instances had already seen significant pre-FID commitment,” Westwood said.
Notable examples of these projects include Shell’s Whale, Equinor’s Bacalhau and Qatar Petroleum’s North Field projects, which have all commenced partial construction of long-lead EPC items such as FPSO’s or wellhead platforms.
These projects account for an estimated $7.7 billion of projected EPC value alone in 2021.
Another $4.6 billion tranche of deferred awards are those critical to backfilling LNG trains or supporting existing gas sales agreements such as Woodside’s Scarborough, Shell’s Crux and Santos’ Barossa all offshore Australia.
National oil companies (NOCs) account for 62 per cent of potential awards in 2021 and supermajors only 10 per cent.
Petrobras in particular, should step up contract awards this year after reaffirming in November its commitment to the development of its prolific pre-salt basins.